EDP Sciences
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Volume 373, Number 2, July II 2001
Page(s) 576 - 588
Section Formation, structure and evolution of stars
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010603

A&A 373, 576-588 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20010603

Variable stars in the Tycho photometric observations

I. Detection
S. Piquard1, J.-L. Halbwachs1, C. Fabricius2, R. Geckeler3, C. Soubiran4 and A. Wicenec5

1  Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, 11 rue de l'Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France
2  Copenhagen University Observatory, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
3  Institute for Astrophysics, Technikerstrasse 25, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
4  Observatoire astronomique de Bordeaux, 33270 Floirac, France
5  ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748, Garching, Germany

(Received 11 September 2000 / Accepted 24 April 2001 )

We present an original way to detect variable stars in the Tycho photometric observations. A modified Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistical test has been constructed, based on a model of most of the satellite's parameters, leading to the dispersion in the measurements. This allows us to build a treatment taking into account truncated detections and censored measurements, and to search for variability in the faint part of the catalogue. The selection threshold of variable stars has been calibrated to minimize false alarm rate. Reliable results were thus obtained for stars as faint as 11 mag. One thousand and ninety-one suspected variable stars have been listed, 407 of which are already known in Hipparcos, GCVS or NSV, and 684 of which are suspected variable stars to be identified soon.

Key words: methods: statistical -- stars: variables: general

Offprint request: S. Piquard, piquard@astro.u-strasbg.fr

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