EDP Sciences
Free access
Issue
A&A
Volume 373, Number 1, July I 2001
Page(s) 292 - 300
Section Diffuse matter in space
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010591


A&A 373, 292-300 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20010591

A study of Tycho's SNR at TeV energies with the HEGRA CT-System

F. A. Aharonian1, A. G. Akhperjanian2, J. A. Barrio3, 4, K. Bernlöhr1, H. Börst5, H. Bojahr6, O. Bolz1, J. L. Contreras4, J. Cortina3, S. Denninghoff3, V. Fonseca4, J. C. Gonzalez4, N. Götting7, G. Heinzelmann7, G. Hermann1, A. Heusler1, W. Hofmann1, D. Horns7, A. Ibarra4, I. Jung1, R. Kankanyan1, 2, M. Kestel3, J. Kettler1, A. Kohnle1, A. Konopelko1, H. Kornmeyer3, D. Kranich3, H. Krawczynski1, H. Lampeitl1, E. Lorenz3, F. Lucarelli4, N. Magnussen6, O. Mang5, H. Meyer6, R. Mirzoyan3, A. Moralejo4, L. Padilla4, M. Panter1, R. Plaga3, A. Plyasheshnikov1, J. Prahl7, G. Pühlhofer1, G. Rauterberg5, A. Röhring7, W. Rhode6, G. P. Rowell1, V. Sahakian2, M. Samorski5, M. Schilling5, F. Schröder6, W. Stamm5, M. Tluczykont7, H. J. Völk1, C. Wiedner1 and W. Wittek3

1  Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, 69029 Heidelberg, Germany
2  Yerevan Physics Institute, Alikhanian Br. 2, 375036 Yerevan, Armenia
3  Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Föhringer Ring 6, 80805 München, Germany
4  Universidad Complutense, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
5  Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Leibnizstraße 15-19, 24118 Kiel, Germany
6  Universität Wuppertal, Fachbereich Physik, Gaußstr.20, 42097 Wuppertal, Germany
7  Universität Hamburg, II. Institut für Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg, Germany

(Received 15 December 2000 / Accepted 24 April 2001)

Abstract
Tycho's supernova remnant (SNR) was observed during 1997 and 1998 with the HEGRA Cerenkov Telescope System in a search for gamma-ray emission at energies above ~1 TeV. An analysis of these data, ~65 hours in total, resulted in no evidence for TeV gamma-ray emission. The 3$\sigma$ upper limit to the gamma-ray flux (>1 TeV) from Tycho is estimated at $5.78\times 10^{-13}$ photons cm-2 s-1, or 33 milli-Crab. We interpret our upper limit within the framework of the following scenarios: (1) that the observed hard X-ray tail is due to synchrotron emission. A lower limit on the magnetic field within Tycho may be estimated $B\geq22$ $\mu$G, assuming that the RXTE-detected X-rays were due to synchrotron emission. However, using results from a detailed model of the ASCA emission, a more conservative lower limit $B\geq6$ $\mu$G is derived. (2) The hadronic model of Drury and (3) the more recent time-dependent kinetic theory of Berezhko & Völk. Our upper limit lies within the range of predicted values of both hadronic models, according to uncertainties in physical parameters of Tycho, and shock acceleration details. In the latter case, the model was scaled to suit the parameters of Tycho and re-normalised to account for a simplification of the original model. We find that we cannot rule out Tycho as a potential contributor at an average level to the Galactic cosmic-ray flux.


Key words: gamma rays: observations -- ISM: supernova remnants: individual objects: Tycho's SNR

Offprint request: G. P. Rowell, Gavin.Rowell@mpi-hd.mpg.de

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