EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 404, Number 2, June III 2003
Page(s) 569 - 578
Section Formation, structure and evolution of stars
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030537
Published online 02 June 2003

A&A 404, 569-578 (2003)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20030537

Mapping of large scale 158  [CII] line emission: Orion A

B. Mookerjea1, 2, 3, S. K. Ghosh1, H. Kaneda4, T. Nakagawa4, D. K. Ojha1, T. N. Rengarajan1, 5, H. Shibai6 and R. P. Verma1

1  Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai (Bombay) 400 005, India
2  Joint Astronomy Programme, Dept. of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India
3  I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Strasse 77, 50937 Köln, Germany
4  Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa 229, Japan
5  Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica, Tonantzintla, Puebla 72840, Mexico
6  Dept. of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464, Japan

(Received 4 November 2002 / Accepted 6 April 2003)

We present the first results of an observational programme undertaken to map the fine structure line emission of singly ionized carbon ([CII] 157.7409 ) over extended regions using a Fabry Perot spectrometer newly installed at the focal plane of a 100 cm balloon-borne far-infrared telescope. This new combination of instruments has a velocity resolution of ~200 km s -1 and an angular resolution of 1 $\farcm$ 5. During the first flight, an area of 30´ $\times 15$´ in Orion A was mapped. These observations extend over a larger area than previous observations, the map is fully sampled and the spectral scanning method used enables reliable estimation of the continuum emission at frequencies adjacent to the [CII] line. The total [CII] line luminosity, calculated by considering up to 20% of the maximum line intensity is 0.04% of the luminosity of the far-infrared continuum. We have compared the [CII] intensity distribution with the velocity-integrated intensity distributions of 13CO(1-0), CI(1-0) and CO(3-2) from the literature. Comparison of the [CII], [CI] and the radio continuum intensity distributions indicates that the largescale [CII] emission originates mainly from the neutral gas, except at the position of M 43, where no [CI] emission corresponding to the [CII] emission is seen. Substantial part of the [CII] emission from here originates from the ionized gas.

The observed line intensities and ratios have been analyzed using the PDR models by Kaufman et al. (1999) to derive the incident UV flux and volume density at a few selected positions. The models reproduce the observations reasonably well at most positions excepting the [CII] peak (which coincides with the position of $\theta^{1}$ Ori C). Possible reason for the failure could be the simplifying assumption of a homogeneous plane parallel slab in place of a more complicated geometry.

Key words: infrared: ISM -- ISM: lines and bands -- ISM: individual (Orion A)

Offprint request: B. Mookerjea, bhaswati@ph1.uni-koeln.de

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© ESO 2003

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