A survey of T Tauri stars with AKARI towards the Taurus-Auriga region*
Department of Space and Astronautical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210, Japan e-mail: email@example.com
2 Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210, Japan
3 Division of Particle and Astrophysical Sciences, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan
4 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
Accepted: 1 June 2010
Context. The first Japanese infrared astronomical satellite, AKARI, has completed an All-Sky Survey at mid- to far-infrared wavelengths with higher spatial resolutions and sensitivities than the previous survey with Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS).
Aims. We search for new T Tauri star (TTS) candidates with the mid-infrared (MIR) part of the AKARI All-Sky Survey at 9 and 18 μm wavelengths.
Methods. We used the point source catalogue (PSC) obtained by the Infrared Camera (IRC) on board AKARI. We combined the 2MASS PSC and the 3rd version of the USNO CCD Astrograph Catalogue (UCAC) with the AKARI IRC-PSC, and surveyed 517 known TTSs over a 1800-square-degree part of the Taurus-Auriga region to develop criteria to extract TTSs. We considered asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars, post-AGB stars, planetary nebulae (PNe), and galaxies, which have similar MIR colours, to separate TTSs from these sources. We finally searched for new TTS candidates from AKARI IRC-PSC in the same Taurus-Auriga region.
Results. Of the 517 known TTSs, we detected 133 sources with AKARI: 46 sources were not detected by IRAS. Based on the colour-colour and colour-magnitude diagrams made from the AKARI, 2MASS, and UCAC surveys, we propose the criteria to extract TTS candidates from the AKARI All-Sky data, and 68/133 AKARI detected TTSs have passed these criteria. On the basis of our criteria, we selected 176/14725 AKARI sources as TTS candidates that are located around the Taurus-Auriga region. Comparing these sources with SIMBAD, we found that 148 are previously identified sources including 115 young stellar objects (YSOs), and 28 unidentified sources.
Conclusions. Based on SIMBAD identifications, we infer the TTS-identification probability using our criteria to be ~75%. We find 28 TTS candidates, of which we expect ~21 to be confirmed once follow-up observations can be obtained. Although the probability of ~75% is not so high, it is affected by the completeness of the SIMBAD database, and we can search for TTSs over the whole sky, and all star-forming regions.
Key words: stars: formation / stars: late-type / stars: pre-main sequence / infrared: stars
Tables 1 and 2 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/519/A83
Present address: Astronomical Institute, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.
© ESO, 2010