XXVIII. BK Pegasi and other F-type binaries: Prospects for calibration of convective core overshoot
Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University,
Juliane Maries Vej 30,
2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, Ny Munkegade, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
3 Observatoire de Paris, LESIA, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 95195 Meudon, France
4 Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Accepted: 26 March 2010
Context. Double-lined, detached eclipsing binaries are our main source for accurate stellar masses and radii. In this paper we focus on the 1.15–1.70 interval where convective core overshoot is gradually ramped up in theoretical evolutionary models.
Aims. We aim to determine absolute dimensions and abundances for the F-type detached eclipsing binary BK Peg, and to perform a detailed comparison with results from recent stellar evolutionary models, including a sample of previously studied systems with accurate parameters.
Methods. uvby light curves and uvbyβ standard photometry were obtained with the Strömgren Automatic Telescope, ESO, La Silla, and high-resolution spectra were acquired with the FIES spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope, La Palma.
Results. The 5 49 period orbit of BK Peg is slightly eccentric (e = 0.053). The two components are quite different with masses and radii of (1.414 ± 0.007 , 1.988 ± 0.008 ) and (1.257 ± 0.005 , 1.474 ± 0.017 ), respectively. The measured rotational velocities are 16.6 ± 0.2 (primary) and 13.4 ± 0.2 (secondary) km s-1. For the secondary component this corresponds to (pseudo)synchronous rotation, whereas the primary component seems to rotate at a slightly lower rate. We derive an iron abundance of [Fe/H] = -0.12 ± 0.07 and similar abundances for Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, Cr and Ni. The stars have evolved to the upper half of the main-sequence band. Yonsei-Yale and Victoria-Regina evolutionary models for the observed metal abundance reproduce BK Peg at ages of 2.75 and 2.50 Gyr, respectively, but tend to predict a lower age for the more massive primary component than for the secondary. We find the same age trend for three other upper main-sequence systems in a sample of well studied eclipsing binaries with components in the 1.15–1.70 range. We also find that the Yonsei-Yale models systematically predict higher ages than the Victoria-Regina models. The sample includes BW Aqr, and as a supplement we have determined a [Fe/H] abundance of -0.07 ± 0.11 for this late F-type binary.
Conclusions. We propose to use BK Peg, BW Aqr, and other well-studied 1.15–1.70 eclipsing binaries to fine-tune convective core overshoot, diffusion, and possibly other ingredients of modern theoretical evolutionary models.
Key words: stars: evolution / stars: fundamental parameters / binaries: eclipsing / stars: individual: BK Peg / stars: individual: BW Aqr / techniques: spectroscopic
Based on observations carried out at the Strömgren Automatic Telescope (SAT) and the 1.5m telescope (63.H-0080) at ESO, La Silla, and the Nordic Optical Telescope at La Palma
Tables 13–17 are available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/516/A42
© ESO, 2010