Volume 516, June-July 2010
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||28 June 2010|
The outflow in Mrk 509
A method to calibrate XMM-Newton EPIC-pn and RGS
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands e-mail: email@example.com
2 Astronomical Institute, University of Utrecht, Postbus 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
3 INAF-IASF Bologna, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 19 February 2010
We analyzed three XMM-Newton observations of the Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 509, with the goal of detecting small variations in the ionized outflow properties. Measurements such as these are limited by the quality of the cross-calibration between RGS, the best instrument for characterizing the spectrum, and EPIC-pn, the best instrument for characterizing the variability. For all three observations we are able to improve the relative calibration of RGS and pn consistently to 4%. In all observations we detect three different outflow components and, thanks to our accurate cross-calibration, we are able to detect small differences in the ionization parameter and column density in the highest ionized component of the outflow. This constrains the location of this component of the outflow to within 0.5 pc of the central source. Our method for modeling the relative effective area is not restricted to just this source and can in principle be extended to other types of sources as well.
Key words: methods: data analysis / galaxies: active / quasars: absorption lines / galaxies: indiviual: Mrk 509
© ESO, 2010
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