Deep U-B-V imaging of the Lockman Hole with the LBT*
Observations and number counts
Max Planck Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße, 85748 Garching, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Institute of Physics, Eötvös University, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, 1117 Budapest, Hungary
3 Max Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstraße 2, 85748, Garching, Germany
4 Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
5 California Institute of Technology, MC 205-24, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Accepted: 25 August 2009
We used the large binocular camera (LBC) mounted on the large binocular telescope (LBT) to observe the Lockman Hole in the U, B, and V bands. Our observations cover an area of 925 arcmin2. We reached depths of 26.7, 26.3, and 26.3 mag(AB) in the three bands, respectively, in terms of 50% source detection efficiency, making this survey the deepest U-band survey and one of the deepest B and V band surveys with respect to its covered area. We extracted a large number of sources (~89 000), detected in all three bands and examined their surface density, comparing it with models of galaxy evolution. We find good agreement with previous claims of a steep faint-end slope of the luminosity functions, caused by late-type and irregular galaxies at . A population of dwarf star-forming galaxies at is needed to explain the U-band number counts. We also find evidence of strong supernova feedback at high redshift. This survey is complementary to the r, i, and z Lockman Hole survey conducted with the Subaru telescope and provides the essential wavelength coverage to derive photometric redshifts and select different types of sources from the Lockman Hole for further study.
Key words: surveys / galaxies: photometry
Based on data acquired using the large binocular telescope (LBT). The LBT is an international collaboration among institutions in the United States, Italy, and Germany. LBT Corporation partners are the University of Arizona on behalf of the Arizona university system; Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Italy; LBT Beteiligungsgesellschaft, Germany, representing the Max-Planck Society, the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, and Heidelberg University; Ohio State University, and the Research Corporation, on behalf of the University of Notre Dame, the University of Minnesota, and the University of Virginia.
© ESO, 2009