Volume 492, Number 3, December IV 2008
|Page(s)||651 - 656|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||30 October 2008|
Missing baryons in shells around galaxy clusters
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, UMR 7095, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 98bis Bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutskii lane, 141700 Moscow Region, Dolgoprudnii, Russia
Accepted: 30 June 2008
Aims. The cluster baryon fraction is estimated from the CMB-scattering leptonic component of the intracluster medium (ICM); however, the observed cluster baryon fraction is less than the cosmic one. Understanding the origin of this discrepancy is necessary for correctly describing the structure of the ICM.
Methods. We estimate the baryonic mass in the outskirts of galaxy clusters which is difficult to observe because of low electron temperature and density in these regions.
Results. The time scale for the electrons and protons to reach equipartition in the outskirts is longer than the cluster age. Since thermal equilibrium is not achieved, a significant fraction of the ICM baryons may be hidden in shells around galaxy clusters. We derive the necessary condition on the cluster mass for the concealment of missing baryons in an outer baryon shell and show that this condition is fulfilled because cluster masses are comparable to the estimated characteristic mass solar masses. The existence of extreme-ultraviolet emission haloes around galaxy clusters is predicted.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: intergalactic medium / cosmology: cosmological parameters / ultraviolet: general
© ESO, 2008
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