Constraints on the non-linear coupling parameter fnl with Archeops data
Instituto de Física de Cantabria, CSIC-Universidad de Cantabria, Avda. de los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Dpto. de Física Moderna, Universidad de Cantabria, Avda. los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain
3 LPSC, Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble, 53 Av. des Martyrs, 38026 Grenoble, France
4 Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1029 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway
5 Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberfoce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA, UK
6 Dipartimento di Fisica G. Galilei, Università di Padova and INFN, Sezione di Padova, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova, Italy
Accepted: 26 April 2008
Aims. We present a Gaussianity analysis of the Archeops Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) temperature anisotropy data maps at high resolution to constrain the non-linear coupling parameter fnl characterising well motivated non-Gaussian CMB models. We used the data collected by the most sensitive Archeops bolometer at 143 GHz. The instrumental noise was carefully characterised for this bolometer, and for another Archeops bolometer at 143 GHz used for comparison. Angular scales from 27 arcmin to 1.8 degrees and a large fraction of the sky, 21%, covering both hemispheres (avoiding pixels with Galactic latitude degrees) were considered.
Methods. The three Minkowski functionals on the sphere evaluated at different thresholds were used to construct a statistics for both the Gaussian and the non-Gaussian CMB models. The Archeops maps were produced with the Mirage optimal map-making procedure from processed time ordered data. The analysis is based on simulations of signal (Gaussian and non-Gaussian fnl CMB models) and noise which were processed in the time domain using the Archeops pipeline and projected on the sky using the Mirage optimal map-making procedure.
Results. The Archeops data were found to be compatible with Gaussianity after removal of highly noisy pixels at high resolution. The non-linear coupling parameter was constrained to at 68% CL and at 95% CL, for realistic non-Gaussian CMB simulations.
Key words: cosmology: observations / methods: data analysis / cosmology: cosmic microwave background
© ESO, 2008