INTEGRAL observations of Hercules X-1
Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, University of Tübingen, Sand 1, 72076 Tübingen, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow University, 119992 Moscow, Russia
3 Space Research Institute, Profsoyuznaya str. 84/32, 117997 Moscow, Russia
4 INTEGRAL Science Data Centre, Chemin d'Ecogia, 16, 1290, Versoix, Switzerland
5 Dr. Karl Remeis-Sternwarte, Astronomisches Institut, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Sternwartstr. 7, 96049 Bamberg, Germany
Accepted: 29 January 2008
Aims. We investigate the X-ray spectral and timing properties of the accreting X-ray pulsar Her X-1 observed with the INTEGRAL satellite in July–August 2005.
Methods. The data analyzed in this work cover a substantial part of one main-on state of the source. The short time scale pulse period development is measured. X-ray pulse profiles for different energy ranges and time intervals are constructed. Pulse-averaged and pulse-phase resolved broad band X-ray spectra are studied. Spectral changes during X-ray dips are explored.
Results. The X-ray pulse profiles are found to change significantly during the period of observations. For the first time a strong spin-up is measured within one 35 d cycle. Spectral characteristics observed during the X-ray dips are consistent with their interpretation as being due to partial covering as has been reported by several authors. The fundamental cyclotron absorption line is firmly observed in both pulse-averaged and pulse-phase resolved X-ray spectra. The energy, width, and the depth of the line are found to vary significantly with pulse phase.
Key words: X-rays: binaries / accretion, accretion disks / stars: neutron
© ESO, 2008