Volume 482, Number 1, April IV 2008
|Page(s)||133 - 150|
|Published online||14 February 2008|
Molecular Gas in NUclei of GAlaxies (NUGA) *
IX. The decoupled bars and gas inflow in NGC 2782
INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia/Sez. Firenze, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, 61 Av. de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
3 Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (OAN) – Observatorio de Madrid, C/ Alfonso XII, 3, 28014 Madrid, Spain
4 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
5 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, SMA, 645 N. A'ohoku Pl., Hilo, HI 96720, USA
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, 136 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
7 I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicherstrasse 77, 50937 Köln, Germany
8 IRAM-Pico Veleta Observatory, Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Local 20, 18012 Granada, Spain
9 IRAM-Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimétrique, 300 Rue de la Piscine, 38406 St.Mt.d`Hères, France
10 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, 85741 Garching, Germany
Accepted: 7 February 2008
We present CO(1–0) and CO(2–1) maps of the starburst/Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 2782 obtained with the IRAM interferometer, at 2115 and 0706 resolution respectively. The CO emission is aligned along the stellar nuclear bar of radius ~1 kpc, configured in an elongated structure with two spiral arms at high pitch angle ~90°. At the extremity of the nuclear bar, the CO changes direction to trace two more extended spiral features at a lower pitch angle. These are the beginning of two straight dust lanes, which are aligned parallel to an oval distortion, reminiscent of a primary bar, almost perpendicular to the nuclear one. The two embedded bars appear in Spitzer IRAC near-infrared images, and HST color images, although highly obscured by dust in the latter. We compute the torques exerted by the stellar bars on the gas, and find systematically negative average torques down to the resolution limit of the images, providing evidence of gas inflow tantalizingly close to the nucleus of NGC 2782. We propose a dynamical scenario based on numerical simulations to interpret coherently the radio, optical, and molecular gas features in the center of the galaxy. Star formation is occurring in a partial ring at ~1.3 kpc radius corresponding to the Inner Lindblad Resonance (ILR) of the primary bar; this ring-like structure encircles the nuclear bar, and is studded with Hα emission. The gas traced by CO emission is driven inward by the gravity torques of the decoupled nuclear bar, since most of it is inside its corotation. N-body simulations, including gas dissipation, predict the secondary bar decoupling, the formation of the elongated ring at the ~1 kpc-radius ILR of the primary bar, and the gas inflow to the ILR of the nuclear bar at a radius of ~200–300 pc. The presence of molecular gas inside the ILR of the primary bar, transported by a second nuclear bar, is a potential “smoking gun”; the gas there is certainly fueling the central starburst, and in a second step could fuel directly the AGN.
Key words: galaxies: individual NGC 2782 / galaxies: starburst / galaxies: spiral / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: ISM
© ESO, 2008
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