High and low states of the system AM Herculis
Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK e-mail: email@example.com
2 School of Physics A28, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 24 October 2007
Context. We investigate the distribution of optically high and low states of the system AM Herculis (AM Her).
Aims. We determine the state duty cycles, and their relationships with the mass transfer process and binary orbital evolution of the system.
Methods. We make use of the photographic plate archive of the Harvard College Observatory between 1890 and 1953 and visual observations collected by the American Association of Variable Star Observers between 1978 and 2005. We determine the statistical probability of the two states, their distribution and recurrence behaviors.
Results. We find that the fractional high state duty cycle of the system AM Her is 63%. The data show no preference of timescales on which high or low states occur. However, there appears to be a pattern of long and short duty cycle alternation, suggesting that the state transitions retain memories. We assess models for the high/low states for polars (AM Her type systems). We propose that the white-dwarf magnetic field plays a key role in regulating the mass transfer rate and hence the high/low brightness states, due to variations in the magnetic-field configuration in the system.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / stars: binaries: close / stars: individual: AM Herculis / stars: magnetic fields / stars: variables: general / stars: novae, cataclysmic variables
© ESO, 2008