Volume 481, Number 1, April I 2008
Science with Hinode
|Page(s)||L57 - L60|
|Published online||17 January 2008|
Letter to the Editor
An active region jet observed with Hinode
Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, CMS, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA, UK e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX, UK
3 Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
4 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
Accepted: 7 January 2008
Aims.We study the physical properties of an active region (AR) jet in order to probe the mechanisms responsible for it.
Methods.We report 2007 January 15/16 observations of a recurring jet situated on the west side of NOAA AR 10938. Multi-wavelength data from all three instruments onboard Hinode were analysed. This paper focuses on one instance of a jet observed with the Hinode/EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). Using EIS raster data we measured the temperatures, Doppler shifts, density, and filling factor.
Results.A strong blue-shifted component and an indication of a weak red-shifted component at the base of the jet was observed around Log Te = 6.2. The up-flow velocities exceeded 150 km s-1. The jet component was seen over a range of temperatures between 5.4 and 6.4 in Log Te. Using λ186 and λ195 line ratios, we measured densities above Log Ne = 11 for the high-velocity up-flow component. We found that the density of the high-velocity up-flow increases with velocity. We estimate the filling factor in the jet up-flow to be <0.03. With the Hinode/Solar Optical Telescope (SOT), we observed recurrent (quasi periodic) magnetic flux cancelations just before the recurrent jet emission was seen in images taken with the X-ray Telescope (XRT).
Conclusions.The high-velocity up-flows, together with the density dependence on velocity, support an evaporation scenario for the acceleration of this jet. The high density and small filling factor, coupled with the high Doppler velocities are strongly suggestive of multiple small-scale magnetic reconnection events being responsible for the production of both EUV and X-ray jets.
Key words: Sun: activity / Sun: corona / Sun: flares / Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: / UV radiation / Sun: X-rays, gamma rays
© ESO, 2008
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