Accurate Ritz wavelengths of parity-forbidden , , and  infrared lines of astrophysical interest*
Atomic Astrophysics, Lund Observatory, Lund University, Box 43, 221 00 Lund, Sweden e-mail: [maria;sveneric.johansson]@astro.lu.se
Accepted: 6 March 2007
Context.With new astronomical infrared spectrographs the demands of accurate atomic data in the infrared have increased. In this region there is a large amount of parity-forbidden lines, which are of importance in diagnostics of low-density astrophysical plasmas.
Aims.We present improved, experimentally determined, energy levels for the lowest even LS terms of , and , along with accurate Ritz wavelengths for parity-forbidden transitions between and within these terms.
Methods.Spectra of , and have been produced in a hollow cathode discharge lamp and acquired using high-resolution Fourier Transform (FT) spectrometry. The energy levels have been determined by using observed allowed ultraviolet transitions connecting the even terms with upper odd terms. Ritz wavelengths of parity-forbidden lines have then been determined.
Results.Energy levels of the four lowest terms (a6D, a4F, a4D and a4P) have been determined, resulting in 97 different parity-forbidden transitions with wavelengths between 0.74 and 87 μm. For the energy levels of the two lowest terms (a4F and b4F) have been determined, resulting in 24 different parity-forbidden transitions with wavelengths between 8.9 and 130 μm. Also for the energy levels of the two lowest terms (a6S and a6D) have been determined, in this case resulting in 12 different parity-forbidden transitions with wavelengths between 0.80 and 140 μm.
Key words: atomic data / line: profiles / methods: laboratory / techniques: spectroscopic / infrared: general
© ESO, 2007