Volume 467, Number 2, May IV 2007
|Page(s)||519 - 527|
|Published online||05 March 2007|
The X-ray and radio connection in low-luminosity active nuclei
Instituto de Física de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Avda. de los Castros, 39005 Santander, Spain e-mail: email@example.com
2 INAF - IASF, via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
3 The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara St., Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
4 Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 16 January 2007
We present the results of the correlation between the nuclear 2–10 keV X-ray and radio (at 2 cm, 6 cm, and 20 cm) luminosities for a well-defined sample of local Seyfert galaxies. We use a sample of low luminosity radio galaxies (LLRGs) for comparison. In both Seyfert and LLRG samples, X-ray and radio luminosities are significantly correlated over 8 orders of magnitude, indicating that the X-ray and radio emission sources are strongly coupled. Moreover, both samples show a similar regression slope, LX , but Seyfert galaxies are three orders of magnitude less luminous in the radio band than LLRGs. This suggests that either similar physical mechanisms are responsible for the observed emission or a combination of different mechanisms ends up producing a similar correlation slope. Indeed, the common belief for LLRG is that both the X-ray and radio emission are likely dominated by a relativistic jet component, while in Seyfert galaxies the X-ray emission probably arises from a disk-corona system and the radio emission is attributed to a jet/outflow component. We investigate the radio loudness issue in the two samples and find that the Seyfert galaxies and the LLRGs show a different distribution of the radio loudness parameters. No correlation is found between the luminosity and the radio loudness; however, the latter is related to the black hole mass and anti-correlated with the Eddington ratio. The dichotomy in the radio loudness between Seyfert and LLRG observed down to low Eddington ratios, /LEdd ~ 10-8, does not support the idea that the origin of the radio loudness is due to a switch in the accretion mode.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / X-rays: galaxies / galaxies: Seyfert / galaxies: nuclei
© ESO, 2007
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