Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium e-mail: Patricia.Lampens@oma.be
2 Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tsarigradsko Shosse Blvd., 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 14 November 2006
Context.Recent CCD observations were performed in the period 1998-2004 for a large sample of visual double and multiple stars selected from the Hipparcos Catalogue and/or from the Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars.
Aims.Accurate astrometric and photometric data allowing us to characterise the individual components are provided. These data are compared to Hipparcos data or to data from an older epoch to assess the nature of the observed systems.
Methods.We simultaneously apply a Moffat-Lorentz profile with a similar shape to all detected components and adjust the profile parameters from which we obtain the relative astrometric position (epoch, position angle, angular separation) as well as differential multi-colour photometry (filters (B)VRI).
Results.We thus acquired recent data for 71 visual systems of which 6 are orbital binaries, 27 are nearby, and 30 are multiple systems. In three of these cases, the systems remained unresolved. 23 new components were detected and measured. Two new visual double stars of intermediate separation were also found. The estimated accuracies in relative position are 0.04° and 0.01″ respectively, while those in differential photometry are of the order of 0.01-0.02 mag in general.
Conclusions.The nature of the association of 55 systems is evaluated. New basic binary properties are derived for 20 bound systems. Component colours and masses are provided for two orbital binaries.
Key words: stars: binaries: visual / techniques: photometric / stars: fundamental parameters
Based on observations collected at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, and the Astronomical Observatory, Belogradchik, both operated by the Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Also based on data obtained by the Hipparcos astrometry satellite.
© ESO, 2007