Searching for gas-rich disks around T Tauri stars in Lupus
Leiden Observatory, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 7 June 2006
Aims.We characterize the molecular environment of classical T Tauri stars in Lupus observed with the Spitzer Space Telescope in our search for gas-rich disks toward these sources.
Methods.Submillimeter observations of 12CO, 13CO, and C18O in the –2 and 2–1 lines were obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope toward a sample of 21 T Tauri stars with disks in the Lupus molecular clouds. Pointings at the sources and at selected off-positions are presented in order to disentangle material associated with disks from ambient cloud material.
Results.One source, IM Lup (Sz 82), was found with the double-peaked 12CO and 13CO profiles characteristic of a large rotating gas disk. The inclination of the disk is found to be ~, with an outer radius of 400–700 AU. For most other sources, including GQ Lup with its substellar companion, the single-dish 12CO lines are dominated by extended cloud emission with a complex velocity structure. No evidence of molecular outflows is found. Due to dense circumstellar material, compact C18O emission was detected toward only two sources. Future searches for gas-rich disks in Lupus should either use interferometers or perform very deep single-dish integrations in dense gas tracers to separate the cloud and disk emission.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / radiative transfer / methods: observational / stars: pre-main sequence / radio lines: ISM / stars: circumstellar matter
© ESO, 2007