Optical and near-infrared simultaneous observations of the BL Lacs PKS 2005-489 and PKS 2155-304
Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitária, 05508-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil e-mail: [tania;zulema;galo]@astro.iag.usp.br
Accepted: 3 August 2006
Aims.In this work, we looked for simultaneous brigthness variations in the optical and near-infrared bands in the TeV BL Lacs PKS 2005-489 and PKS 2155-304, covering time scales from minutes to a few years.
Methods.Between 2001 and 2003, we carried out optical and near-infrared observations using two telescopes at the Pico dos Dias Observatory (LNA, Brazil), reaching a time resolution in the light curves of about 14 min at optical wavelengths and 6 min in the infrared. For both sources the variability analysis was done after the contribution of the host galaxy was subtracted from the observed flux.
Results.In PKS 2005-489 we detected for the first time optical and near-infrared variations on time scales of minutes. Both sources presented variability on different time scales and with complex and distinct spectral behavior. This behavior favors a scenario in which the variability is produced by the formation and fast evolution of shock waves in the quiescent or slowly varying nuclear jet.
Key words: galaxies: BL Lacertae objects: individual: PKS 2005-489 / galaxies: BL Lacertae objects: individual: PKS 2155-304
© ESO, 2006