Volume 455, Number 1, August III 2006
|Page(s)||349 - 359|
|Published online||31 July 2006|
A new model-independent method to compute magnetic helicity in magnetic clouds
Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio, IAFE, CC. 67 Suc. 28, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina e-mail: [sdasso;mandrini;mluoni]@iafe.uba.ar
2 Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
3 Observatoire de Paris, LESIA, UMR 8109 (CNRS), 92195 Meudon Cedex, France e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 18 April 2006
Context.Magnetic clouds are transient magnetic structures expulsed from the Sun that travel toward the external heliosphere carrying a significant amount of magnetic flux and helicity.
Aims.To improve our understanding of magnetic clouds in relation to their solar source regions, we need a reliable method to compute magnetic flux and helicity in both regions. Here we evaluate the sensitivity of the results using different models, methods and magnetic cloud boundaries applied to the same magnetic cloud data.
Methods.The magnetic cloud was observed by the spacecraft Wind on October 18–20, 1995. We analyze this cloud considering four different theoretical configurations (two force free and two non-force free) that have been previously proposed to model cloud fields. These four models are applied using two methods to determine the orientation of the cloud axis: minimum variance and simultaneous fitting. Finally, we present a new method to obtain the axial and azimuthal magnetic fluxes and helicity directly from the observed magnetic field when rotated to the cloud frame.
Results.The results from the fitted models have biases that we analyze. The new method determines the centre and the rear boundary of the flux rope when the front boundary is known. It also gives two independent measurements in the front and back parts for the fluxes and helicity; they are free of model and boundary biases. We deduce that the leading flux of the magnetic cloud had reconnected with the overtaken solar wind magnetic field and estimate the fluxes and helicity present in the full cloud before this reconnection.
Key words: Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs) / Sun: magnetic fields / interplanetary medium
© ESO, 2006
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