Optical polarimetric monitoring of the type II-plateau SN 2005af
Departamento de Astronomia, IAG, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão 1226, São Paulo, SP, 05508-900, Brazil e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais/MCT, Avenida dos Astronautas 1758, São José dos Campos, SP, 12227-010, Brazil
3 Laboratório Nacional de Astrofísica/MCT, CP 21, Itajubá, MG, 37500-000, Brazil
4 IPD – UNIVAP, Av. Shishima Hifumi, 2911, Urbanova, São José dos Campos, SP, 12244-000, Brazil
Accepted: 20 April 2006
Aims.Core-collapse supernovae may show significant polarization that implies non-spherically symmetric explosions. We observed the type II-plateau SN 2005af using optical polarimetry in order to verify whether any asphericity is present in the supernova temporal evolution.
Methods.We used the IAGPOL imaging polarimeter to obtain optical linear polarization measurements in (five epochs) and (one epoch) broadbands. Interstellar polarization was estimated from the field stars in the CCD frames. The optical polarimetric monitoring began around one month after the explosion and lasted ~30 days, between the plateau and the early nebular phase.
Results.The weighted mean observed polarization in band was [ 1.89 ± 0.03] % at position angle (PA) 541. After foreground subtraction, the level of the average intrinsic polarization for SN 2005af was ~0.5% with a slight enhancement during the plateau phase and a decline at early nebular phase. A rotation in PA on a time scale of days was also observed. The polarimetric evolution of SN 2005af in the observed epochs is consistent with an overall asphericity of ~20% and an inclination of ~30°. Evidence for a more complex, evolving asphericity, possibly involving clumps in the SN 2005af envelope, is found.
Key words: polarization / supernovae: individual: SN 2005af
© ESO, 2006