Restoring color–magnitude diagrams with the Richardson-Lucy algorithm
Dipartimento di Fisica “Enrico Fermi”, Università di Pisa, largo Pontecorvo 3, Pisa 56127, Italy e-mail: [cignoni;shore]@df.unipi.it
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
3 INFN – Sezione di Pisa, largo Pontecorvo 3, Pisa 56127, Italy
Accepted: 15 February 2006
Aims.We present an application of the Richardson-Lucy algorithm to the analysis of color–magnitude diagrams by converting the CMD into an image and using a restoring point spread function function (psf) derived from the known, often complex, sources of error.
Methods.We show numerical experiments that demonstrate good recovery of the original image and establish convergence rates for ideal cases with single Gaussian uncertainties and poisson noise using a statistic. About 30–50 iterations suffice. As an application, we show the results for a particular case, the Hipparcos sample of the solar neighborhood where the uncertainties are mainly due to parallax which we model with a composite weighted Gaussian using the observed error distributions. The resulting psf has a slightly narrower core and broader wings than a single Gaussian. The reddening and photometric errors are considerably reduced by restricting the sample to within 80 pc and to .
Results.We find that the recovered “image”, which has a narrower, better defined main sequence and a more clearly defined red giant clump, can be used as input to stellar evolution modeling of the star formation rate in the solar vicinity and, with more contributing uncertainties taken into account, for general Galactic and extragalactic structure and population studies.
Key words: stars: Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) and C-M diagrams / Galaxy: open clusters and associations: general / methods: data analysis / techniques: image processing
© ESO, 2006