Non-linear structure formation in cosmologies with early dark energy
Zentrum für Astronomie, ITA, Universität Heidelberg, Albert-Überle-Str. 2, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Accepted: 28 February 2006
We argue that a few per cent of “Early Dark Energy” can be detected by the statistics of nonlinear structures. The presence of Dark Energy during linear structure formation is natural in models where the current low Dark-Energy density is related to the age of the Universe rather than a new fundamental small parameter. Generalisation of the spherical collapse model shows that the linear collapse parameter is lowered. The corresponding relative enhancement of weak gravitational lensing on arc-minute scales lowers the value of inferred from a given lensing amplitude, as compared to ΛCDM. In the presence of Early Dark Energy, structures grow slower, such that for a given , the number of galaxies and galaxy clusters is substantially increased at moderate and high redshift. For realistic models, the number of clusters detectable through their thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect at redshift unity and above, e.g. with the Planck satellite, can be an order of magnitude larger than for ΛCDM.
Key words: cosmology: theory / cosmology: early Universe / cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe
© ESO, 2006