COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses
II. SDSS J0924+0219: the redshift of the lensing galaxy, the quasar spectral variability and the Einstein rings
Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, 5 The Parade, Cardiff, CF24 3YB, UK
3 Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 août 17, Sart-Tilman, Bât. B5C, 4000 Liège, Belgium
Accepted: 7 February 2006
Aims.To provide the observational constraints required to use the gravitationally lensed quasar SDSS J0924+0219 for the determination of H0 from the time delay method. We measure here the redshift of the lensing galaxy, we show the spectral variability of the source, and we resolve the lensed host galaxy of the source.
Methods.We present our VLT/FORS1 deep spectroscopic observations of the lensed quasar SDSS J0924+0219, as well as archival HST/NICMOS and ACS images of the same object. The two-epoch spectra, obtained in the Multi Object Spectroscopy (MOS) mode, allow for very accurate flux calibration and spatial deconvolution. This strategy provides spectra for the lensing galaxy and for the quasar images A and B, free of any mutual light contamination. We deconvolve the HST images as well, which reveal a double Einstein ring. The mass distributions in the lens, reconstructed in several ways, are compared.
Results.We determine the redshift of the lensing galaxy in SDSS J0924+0219: zlens. Only slight spectral variability is seen in the continuum of quasar images A and B, while the C III] , Mg II and Fe II emission lines display obvious changes. The flux ratio between the quasar images A and B is the same in the emission lines and in the continuum. One of the Einstein rings found using deconvolution corresponds to the lensed quasar host galaxy at and a second bluer one, is the image either of a star-forming region in the host galaxy, or of another unrelated lower redshift object. A broad range of lens models give a satisfactory fit to the data. However, they predict very different time delays, making SDSS J0924+0219 an object of particular interest for photometric monitoring. In addition, the lens models reconstructed using exclusively the constraints from the Einstein rings, or using exclusively the astrometry of the quasar images, are not compatible. This suggests that multipole-like structures play an important role in SDSS J0924+0219.
Key words: gravitational lensing / cosmology: cosmological parameters / quasars: individual: SDSSJ0924+0219 / dark matter
© ESO, 2006