On the fine structure of sunspot penumbrae
III. The vertical extension of penumbral filaments
Max-Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 High Altitude Observatory, 3450 Mitchell Lane, Boulder, 80301 Colorado USA
Accepted: 4 January 2006
In this paper we study the fine structure of the penumbra as inferred from the uncombed model (flux tube embedded in a magnetic surrounding) when applied to penumbral spectropolarimetric data from the neutral iron lines at 6300 Å. The inversion infers very similar radial dependences in the physical quantities (LOS velocity, magnetic field strength etc.) as those obtained from the inversion of the Fe I 1.56 μm lines. In addition, the large Stokes V area asymmetry exhibited by the visible lines helps to constrain the size of the penumbral flux tubes. As we demonstrate here, the uncombed model is able to reproduce the area asymmetry with striking accuracy, returning flux tubes as thick as 100-300 kilometers in the vertical direction, in good agreement with previous investigations.
Key words: Sun: sunspots / Sun: magnetic fields
© ESO, 2006