Multiperiodicity in the large-amplitude rapidly-rotating Cephei star HD 203664
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 B, 3001 Leuven, Belgium e-mail: email@example.com
2 Department of Astrophysics, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3 Koninklijke Sterrenwacht, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussel, Belgium
4 Mercator Telescope, Calle Alvarez de Abreu 70, 38700 Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
Accepted: 28 October 2005
Aims.We made a seismic study of the young massive Cephei star HD 203664 with the goal of constraining its interior structure.Methods.Our study is based on a time series of 328 new Geneva 7-colour photometric data of the star spread over 496.8 days.Results.The data confirm the frequency of the dominant mode of the star, which we refined to c d-1. The mode has a large amplitude of 37 mmag in V and is unambiguously identified as a dipole mode () from its amplitude ratios and non-adiabatic computations. Besides f1, we discovered two additional new frequencies in the star with amplitudes above : c d-1 and c d-1, or one of their daily aliases. The amplitudes of these two modes are only between 3 and 4 mmag, which explains why they were not detected before. Their amplitude ratios are too uncertain for mode identification. Conclusions.We show that the observed oscillation spectrum of HD 203664 is compatible with standard stellar models but that we have insufficient information for asteroseismic inferences. Among the large-amplitude Cephei stars, HD 203664 stands out as the only one rotating at a significant fraction of its critical rotation velocity (~).
© ESO, 2006