DOT tomography of the solar atmosphere
IV. Magnetic patches in internetwork areas
Sterrekundig Instituut, Utrecht University, Postbus 80 000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands e-mail: [A.G.deWijn;R.J.Rutten]@astro.uu.nl
2 Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, Oslo University, PO Box 1029 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway
Accepted: 23 June 2005
We use G-band and Ca ii H image sequences from the Dutch Open Telescope (DOT) to study magnetic elements that appear as bright points in internetwork parts of the quiet solar photosphere and chromosphere. We find that many of these bright points appear recurrently with varying intensity and horizontal motion within longer-lived magnetic patches. We develop an algorithm for detection of the patches and find that all patches identified last much longer than the granulation. The patches outline cell patterns on mesogranular scales, indicating that magnetic flux tubes are advected by granular flows to mesogranular boundaries. Statistical analysis of the emergence and disappearance of the patches points to an average patch lifetime as long as (about nine hours), which suggests that the magnetic elements constituting strong internetwork fields are not generated by a local turbulent dynamo.
Key words: Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: granulation / Sun: photosphere / Sun: chromosphere
© ESO, 2005