The excitation of water in the S140 photon dominated region
Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands e-mail: D.R.Poelman@astro.rug.nl
2 SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
Accepted: 28 May 2005
We consider the excitation of water in the Photon Dominated Region (PDR) S140. With the use of a three-dimensional escape probability method we compute the level populations of ortho- and para-H2O up to ~350 K (i.e., 8 levels), as well as line intensities for various transitions. Homogeneous and inhomogeneous models are presented with densities of 104–105 cm-3 and the differences between the resulting intensities are displayed. Density, temperature, and abundance distributions inside the cloud are computed with the use of a self-consistent physi-chemical (in)homogeneous model in order to reproduce the line intensities observed with SWAS, and to make predictions for various lines that HIFI will probe in the future. Line intensities vary from ~10-13 to a few times 10-6 . We can reproduce the intensity for the line observed by the SWAS satellite. It is found that the line is the strongest, whereas the line is the weakest, in all the models. It is found that the line probes the total column, while higher excitation lines probe the higher density gas (e.g., clumps).
Key words: ISM: individual objets: S140 / ISM: molecules
© ESO, 2005