Numerical modeling of solar faculae close to the limb
Institut für Astrophysik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 Central Astronomical Observatory at Pulkovo, 196140 St. Petersburg, Russia
Accepted: 4 May 2005
A numerical simulation was performed to interpret high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of polar faculae on the Sun. A semi-empirical three-dimensional model of facula structures, controlled by several free parameters, was constructed. It consists of two components, the atmosphere within small-scale magnetic flux tubes and the exterior atmosphere. Multi-ray 1.5D radiative transfer calculations were performed along oblique rays passing through a highly inhomogeneous atmosphere of the simulation box. By the comparison of the properties of the calculated Stokes profiles from the synthetic faculae with the observed properties, a set of free parameters of the model (such as: size, number density of flux tubes, internal temperature stratification and magnetic field strength) was deduced, which satisfies the observational constraints. The hypothesis about solar faculae as a conglomerate of small-scale magnetic flux tubes is verified. The model reproduces all observed properties: the continuum contrast and its center-to-limb variation, the Stokes I and V profiles of and lines, the apparent magnetic field strengths, and the displacement towards the limb of the continuum intensity against the line-of-sight magnetograms.
Key words: Sun: faculae, plages / Sun: magnetic fields / methods: numerical / radiative transfer
© ESO, 2005