Pulsation properties of C stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud
European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany e-mail: [graimond;mcioni;mrejkuba;dsilva]@eso.org
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Teramo, via M. Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 18 March 2005
A sample of carbon-rich stars (C-stars) in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) was selected from the combined 2MASS and DENIS catalogues on the basis of their colour. This sample was extended to include confirmed C-stars from the Rebeirot et al. (1993) spectroscopic atlas. In this combined sample (N = 1149), a smaller number (N = 1079) were found to have MACHO observations. For this sub-sample, light curves were determined and 919 stars were found to have high quality light-curves with amplitudes of at least 0.05 mag. Of these stars, only 4% have a well-defined single period – most of these have multiple well-defined periods, while 15% have highly irregular light-curves. The distribution of the logarithm of the period versus magnitude, colour, period ratio (if applicable), and amplitude was analyzed and compared with previous works. Variable C-stars are distributed in three sequences: B, C, and D from Wood et al. (1999), and do not populate sequences with periods shorter than . Stellar ages and masses were estimated using stellar evolutionary models.
Key words: stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: variables: general / Magellanic Clouds
© ESO, 2005