The distance to Hydra and Centaurus from surface brightness fluctuations: Consequences for the Great Attractor model
Sternwarte der Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 Departamento de Astronomía y Astrofísica, P. Universidad Católica, Casilla 104, Santiago 22, Chile
Accepted: 29 March 2005
We present I-band Surface Brightness Fluctuation (SBF) measurements for 16 early-type galaxies (3 giants, 13 dwarfs) in the central region of the Hydra cluster, based on deep photometric data in 7 fields obtained with VLT FORS1. From the SBF-distances to the galaxies in our sample we estimate the distance of the Hydra cluster to be 41.2 ± 1.4 Mpc (33.07 ± 0.07 mag). Based on an improved correction for fluctuations from undetected point sources, we revise the SBF-distance to the Centaurus cluster from Mieske & Hilker (2003, A&A, 410, 455) upwards by 10% to 45.3 ± 2.0 Mpc (33.28 ± 0.09 mag). The relative distance modulus of the two clusters then is mag. With 72 ± 4 km s-1 Mpc-1, we estimate a positive peculiar velocity of 1225 ± 235 km s-1 for Hydra and 210 ± 295 km s-1 for the Cen30 component of Centaurus. Allowing for a thermal velocity dispersion of 200 km s-1, this rules out a common peculiar flow velocity for both clusters at 98% confidence. We find that the “Great Attractor” at a distance of 45 Mpc can explain the observed peculiar velocities if shifted about 15° towards the Hydra cluster position. Our results are inconsistent at 94% confidence with a scenario where the Centaurus cluster is identical to the GA. In order to better restrict partially degenerate Great Attractor parameters like its mass and distance, a recalculation of the local flow model with updated distance information over a larger area than covered by us would be needed.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: Hydra cluster / cosmology: large scale structure of Universe / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: distances and redshift / techniques: photometric
© ESO, 2005