Crowded field 3D spectroscopy of LBV candidates in M 33
Special Astrophysical Observatory, Nizhnij Arkhyz, Karachaevo-Cherkesia, 369167, Russia e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482, Potsdam, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 22 February 2005
We present integral field spectroscopy of the LBV candidate stars B 416 and v 532 in the local group galaxy M 33. B 416 is surrounded by an elongated ring-like nebula, which has a projected radius of pc. From the datacube we create ionization and radial velocity maps of the nebula. The excitation of the gas decreases towards the outer part of the ring, while the inner part of the nebula is filled with a more excited gas. In the EW direction the ring is seen to expand with a maximum projected velocity amplitude of about 40 km s-1. The eastern part approaches the observer. We estimate the nebula dynamical lifetime ∼ years. It could be a residual MS bubble, which indicates a main-sequence or pre-LBV status of the star. We classify B 416 as an “iron star” or B[e]-supergiant. In v 532 an elongated nebula has been marginally detected. The total projected size of the nebula along the main axis is 30 pc, and the total radial velocity gradient is km s-1. v 532 exhibits both strong photometric and spectral variability. At the time of our observations it was in an intermediate brightness state with a rich nitrogen spectrum. We classify v 532 as an LBV, showing LBV Ofpe/WN transitions. We stress the importance of integral field spectroscopy as the optimal technique for studying nebulae and the evolution of LBV-like stars in nearby galaxies.
Key words: Local Group / stars: early-type / stars: individual: v 532 / HII regions / stars: individual: B416 / galaxies: individual: M 33
© ESO, 2005