Heliospheric energetic neutral atoms as a means to determine the anomalous cosmic ray spectrum at the termination shock
Space Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18A, 00716 Warsaw, Poland e-mail: email@example.com
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Max-Planck-Strasse 2, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 University of Arizona, Physics Department, AZ 85721 Tucson, USA e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 11 October 2004
We demonstrate the possibility of deriving the anomalous cosmic ray (ACR) spectrum at the solar wind termination shock and the strength of the shock using energetic neutral H and He atoms (ENA) measurements at 1 AU. Assuming that the energetic neutral atoms detected by CELIAS/HSTOF on board SOHO are of ACR origin, we consider fits to the ACR termination shock spectrum based on approximations to the ACR distribution downstream of the shock. We show that the method becomes much more effective when the low-energy ENA data are combined with the available high-energy ACR data from Voyager spacecraft. The results imply a weak termination shock (compression ratio ).
Key words: Sun: solar wind / shock waves / ISM: cosmic rays / interplanetary medium
© ESO, 2005