X-ray spectral and timing characteristics of the stars in the young open cluster IC 2391
Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche & Astronomiche, Sezione di Astronomia, Università di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
Accepted: 16 September 2004
We present X-ray spectral and timing analysis of members of the young open cluster IC 2391 observed with the XMM-Newton observatory. We detected 99 X-ray sources by analysing the summed data obtained from MOS1, MOS2 and pn detectors of the EPIC camera; 24 of them are members, or probable members, of the cluster. Stars of all spectral types have been detected, from the early-types to the late-M dwarfs. Despite the capability of the instrument to recognize up to 3 thermal components, the X-ray spectra of the G, K and M members of the cluster are well described with two thermal components (at –0.5 keV and –1.2 keV respectively) while the X-ray spectra of F members require only a softer 1-T model. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test applied to the X-ray photon time series shows that approximately 46% of the members of IC 2391 are variable with a confidence level >99%. The comparison of our data with those obtained with ROSAT/PSPC, nine years earlier, and ROSAT/HRI, seven years earlier, shows that there is no evidence of significant variability on these time scales, suggesting that long-term variations due to activity cycles similar to that on the Sun are not common, if present at all, among these young stars.
Key words: X-ray: stars / stars: coronae / stars: activity / stars: early-type / stars: late-type / Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: IC 2391
© ESO, 2005