The influence of rotation in radiation driven winds from hot stars
II. CAK topological analysis
Departamento de Física y Meteorología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile e-mail: email@example.com
2 Departamento de Matemáticas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 26 August 2004
The topological analysis from Bjorkman ([CITE]) for the standard model that describes the winds from hot stars by Castor et al. ([CITE]) has been extended to include the effect of stellar rotation and changes in the ionization of the wind. The differential equation for the momentum of the wind is non-linear and transcendental for the velocity gradient. Due to this non-linearity the number of solutions that this equation possess is not known. After a change of variables and the introduction of a new physically meaningless independent variable, we manage to replace the non-linear momentum differential equation by a system of differential equations where all the derivatives are explicitely given. We then use this system of equations to study the topology of the rotating-CAK model. For the particular case when the wind is frozen in ionization () only one physical solution is found, the standard CAK solution, with a X-type singular point. For the more general case (), besides the standard CAK singular point, we find a second singular point which is focal-type (or attractor). We find also, that the wind does not adopt the maximal mass-loss rate but almost the minimal.
Key words: hydrodynamics / methods: analytical / stars: early-type / stars: mass-loss / stars: rotation / stars: winds, outflows
© ESO, 2004