Impact of observational duty cycle on the measurement of low- solar p-mode frequencies*
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 School of Science and Mathematics, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
Accepted: 21 May 2004
We investigate the impact of a multi-site, ground-based observational window function on the extraction of estimates of the frequencies of low-angular-degree (low-) solar p modes from decade-long datasets. To effect this study we have made use of some ≈ of full-disc, “Sun-as-a-star” Doppler velocity data collected by the Birmingham-Solar Oscillations Network (BiSON). A coherent combination of observations made by all six BiSON sites provided the principal time series of data. This set was then modulated by a whole series of different window functions and the resulting sets analyzed. The windows were made from different combinations and numbers of BiSON stations. We find that for the majority of low- modes the bias in the frequencies given by the effects of the window function is not significant. However, for modes above ≈, and some modes near ≈, the bias is important when the frequencies are extracted from long datasets.
Key words: methods: data analysis / Sun: helioseismology
© ESO, 2004