Iron abundances from high-resolution spectroscopy of the open clusters NGC 2506, NGC 6134, and IC 4651 *
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
Accepted: 30 March 2004
This is the first of a series of papers devoted to deriving the metallicity of old open clusters to study the time evolution of the chemical abundance gradient in the Galactic disk. We present detailed iron abundances from high resolution () spectra of several red clump and bright giant stars in the open clusters IC 4651, NGC 2506 and NGC 6134. We observed 4 stars of NGC 2506, 3 stars of NGC 6134 and 5 stars of IC 4651 with the FEROS spectrograph with the ESO 1.5 m telescope; moreover, 3 other stars of NGC 6134 were observed with the UVES spectrograph on Kueyen (VLT UT2). After excluding the cool giants near the red giant branch tip (one in IC 4651 and one in NGC 2506), we found overall [Fe/H] values of , dex (2 stars) for NGC 2506, , dex (6 stars) for NGC 6134 and , dex (4 stars) for IC 4651. The metal abundances derived from a line analysis for each star were extensively checked using spectrum synthesis of about 30 to 40 Fe I lines and 6 Fe II lines. Our spectroscopic temperatures provide reddening values in good agreement with literature data for these clusters, strengthening the reliability of the adopted temperature and metallicity scale. Also, gravities from the Fe equilibrium of ionization agree quite well with expectations based on cluster distance moduli and evolutionary masses.
Key words: stars: abundances / Galaxy: disk / Galaxy: open clusters and associations: general / Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 2506, NGC 6134, IC 4651
© ESO, 2004