Volume 409, Number 3, October III 2003
|Page(s)||L41 - L45|
|Published online||17 November 2003|
Letter to the Editor
Gas and dust in the Cloverleaf quasar at redshift 2.5
IRAM, Avenida Divina Pastora 7, 18012 Granada, Spain
2 MPIfR, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3 IRAM, 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 St-Martin-d'Héres, France
4 NRAO, PO Box O Socorro, NM, 87801, USA
Corresponding author: A. Weiß, email@example.com
Accepted: 1 September 2003
We observed the upper fine structure line of neutral carbon, CI , ( GHz), the , line ( GHz) and the 1.2 mm continuum emission from H1413+117 (Cloverleaf quasar, ) using the IRAM interferometer. Together with the detection of the lower fine structure line (Barvainis et al. 1997), the Cloverleaf quasar is now only the second extragalactic system, besides M 82, where both carbon lines have convincingly been detected. Our analysis shows that the carbon lines are optically thin and have an excitation temperature of ,≈ 30 K. CO is subthermally excited and the observed line luminosity ratios are consistent with ,≈ 10 at ,= 30–50 K. Using three independent methods (CI, dust, CO) we derive a total molecular gas mass (corrected for magnification) of ≈ 1.2 ± 0.3 10. Our observations suggest that the molecular disk extends beyond the region seen in CO(7–6) to a zone of more moderately excited molecular gas that dominates the global emission in CI, and the low J CO lines.
Key words: galaxies: formation / galaxies: starburst / galaxies: high-redshift quasars: emission lines / quasars: individual H1413+117 / cosmology: observations
© ESO, 2003
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