Multiple outflows in IRAS 19410+2336*
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Corresponding author: H. Beuther, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 16 May 2003
Plateau de Bure Interferometer high-spatial resolution CO observations combined with near-infrared H2 data disentangle at least seven (possibly even nine) molecular outflows in the massive star-forming region IRAS 19410+2336. Position–velocity diagrams of the outflows reveal Hubble-like relationships similar to outflows driven by low-mass objects. Estimated accretion rates are of the order of yr-1, sufficiently high to overcome the radiation pressure and form massive stars via disk-mediated accretion processes. The single-dish large-scale mm continuum cores fragment into several compact condensations at the higher spatial resolution of the PdBI which is expected due to the clustering in massive star formation. While single-dish data give a simplified picture of the source, sufficiently high spatial resolution resolves the structures into outflows resembling those of low-mass star-forming cores. We interpret this as further support for the hypothesis that massive stars do form via disk-accretion processes similar to low-mass stars.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / stars: early type / stars: formation / ISM: jets and outflows
Based on observations with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer, the Calar Alto 3.5 m telescope and the IRAM 30 m. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany), and IGN (Spain). Calar Alto is operated by the MPIA in Heidelberg, jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy.
© ESO, 2003