Asteroseismic tests for models of magnetically active close binaries with orbital period modulation
Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania of the Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Via Santa Sofia, 78, Città Universitaria, 95123 Catania, Italy
2 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell'Università degli Studi, Via Santa Sofia, 78, Città Universitaria, 95123 Catania, Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Corresponding author: A. F. Lanza, email@example.com
Accepted: 24 April 2002
Magnetic activity and orbital period modulation in close binaries are considered in order to identify possible asteroseismic tests for models that have been proposed to understand their relationship. These models are based on the variation of the gravitational quadrupole moment of the active star, as a consequence of the modification of its internal rotation and magnetic field along its activity cycle (Applegate 1992; Lanza et al. 1998a). An analysis based on the solar analogy shows that surface magnetic activity may produce shifts, splitting and broadening of the p-mode peaks in the oscillation spectrum of a star. Such effects make the direct detection of the internal structural changes predicted by the models very difficult. However, a time variation of the internal rotation can be detectable because the p-mode rotational splittings are proportional to the azimuthal quantum number m, whereas structural and surface effects controlled by the magnetic fields are dependent. Therefore, we propose a method that correlates the variation of the a1 splitting coefficients, that sample the internal rotation, with the orbital period variation in order to test the predictions of the models. The RS CVn short-period systems, such as V 471 Tau, RT And or CG Cyg, are the most suitable objects for such a test because surface magnetic effects are likely to be less prominent than in classical or long-period RS CVn binaries.
Key words: stars: binaries: close / stars: binaries: eclipsing / stars: oscillations / stars: magnetic fields / stars: activity
© ESO, 2002