Volume 385, Number 3, April III 2002
|Page(s)||1078 - 1088|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||15 April 2002|
Solar energetic electron events and coronal shocks
Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
2 Extraterrestrische Physik, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany
3 NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD and Center for Solar Physics and Space Weather, The Catholic University of America, Washington DC, USA
4 Space sciences Lab., University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720–7450, USA
5 Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375–5320, USA
Corresponding author: A. Klassen, email@example.com
Accepted: 24 January 2002
Mildly relativistic electrons appear during the solar energetic particle events. A detailed investigation on the origin of such electrons is presented for four particlular solar events. The mildly relativistic electrons have been detected at energies of 0.25–0.7 MeV by COSTEP/SOHO and below 0.392 MeV by Wind 3–DP experiments. Coronal shocks associated with these electron events are identified from the metric-to-decametric solar type II radio bursts. All selected events were associated with solar activity at western longitudes, so that the magnetic footpoints connecting the spacecraft with the Sun were close to the flare/shock/CME site. The associated type II bursts were accompanied by so-called shock accelerated (SA) type III bursts appearing to be emerging from the type II emission site. We found: (1) that all of the 0.25–0.7 MeV electron events were released during or after, but never simultaneously with the onset of type II bursts and CMEs. The time delay between the type II burst onset and the release of the mildly relativistic electrons is in the range of 11.5-45 min; (2) that the mildly relativistic electrons were released rather at the end of SA type III bursts or somewhat later; (3) that the mildly relativistic electrons were released when the associated type II burst and the CME reached a certain height ( 1–4 Rs) above the photosphere. For the four events studied, it is concluded that mildly relativistic electrons at 0.25–0.7 MeV energies measured in the interplanetary medium from solar energetic particle events are accelerated by coronal shock waves, commonly in association with white–light CMEs.
Key words: Sun: flares / Sun: particle emission / CMEs / Sun: radio radiation / shock waves
© ESO, 2002
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