Tidally induced radial-velocity variations in close binaries
Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK e-mail: B.Willems@open.ac.uk
2 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 B, 3001 Leuven, Belgium e-mail: Conny.Aerts@ster.kuleuven.ac.be
Corresponding author: B. Willems, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 January 2002
A theoretical framework for the determination of tidally induced radial-velocity variations in a component of a close binary is presented. Both the free and the forced oscillations of the component are treated as linear, isentropic perturbations of a spherically symmetric star. Resonances between dynamic tides and free oscillation modes are taken into account by means of the formalism developed by Smeyers et al. ([CITE]). The amplitude of the tidally induced radial-velocity variations seen by the observer depends on the orbital eccentricity and on the orbital inclination. The amplitude increases with increasing orbital eccentricity and is most sensitive to the value of the orbital inclination when . In the case of a ZAMS star with a compact companion, it is shown that resonant dynamic tides can lead to radial-velocity variations with amplitudes large enough to be detected in observations. The shape of the tidally induced radial-velocity curves varies from very irregular for orbital periods away from any resonances with free oscillation modes to sinusoidal for orbital periods close to a resonance with a free oscillation mode. Our investigation is concluded with an application to the slowly pulsating B star HD 177863 showing the possibility of resonant excitation of a high-order second-degree g+-mode in this star.
Key words: binaries: close / stars: oscillations / methods: analytical / stars: individual: HD 177863
© ESO, 2002