Gravitational instability of finite isothermal spheres in general relativity. Analogy with neutron stars
Laboratoire de Physique Quantique, Université Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse, France Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California CA93106, USA
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 October 2001
We investigate the effects of relativity on the gravitational instability of finite isothermal gaseous spheres. In the first part of the paper, we treat the gravitational field within the framework of Newtonian mechanics but we allow the speed of the particles to be close to the velocity of light so that special relativity must be taken into account. In the second part of the paper, we study the full general relativistic problem for a gas described by an equation of state such that the pressure is proportional to the energy density (“isothermal” distribution). For , this equation of state describes the core of neutron stars. The mass-density diagram displays some damped oscillations and there exists a critical value of mass-energy above which no equilibrium state is possible. We show analytically that the mass peaks are associated with new modes of instability. These results are strikingly similar to those obtained by Antonov (1962) and Lynden-Bell & Wood (1968) for a classical isothermal gas. Our study completes the analogy between isothermal spheres and neutron stars investigated by Yabushita (1974).
Key words: hydrodynamics, instabilities / relativity / stars: neutron
© ESO, 2002