Stellar and circumstellar evolution of long period variable stars
Université de Montpellier II and CNRS, G.R.A.A.L., cc072, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
2 Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Avda. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Corresponding author: M. O. Mennessier, Marie-Odile.Mennessier@graal.univ-montp2.fr
Accepted: 26 September 2001
In a first paper, HIPPARCOS astrometric and kinematic data were used to calibrate both infrared K and IRAS luminosities at the same time as kinematic parameters of Long Period Variable stars (LPVs). Individual estimated absolute magnitudes and a probabilistic assignation to galactic populations were deduced from these calibrations for each LPV of our sample. Here we propose a scenario of simultaneous stellar and circumstellar evolution according to the galactic populations. The transitory states of S and Tc stars allow us to confirm the location of the first dredge-up at . There is also evidence suggesting that a previous enrichment in s-elements from a more evolved companion may accelerate the evolution along the AGB. The possible evolution to OH LPVs is included in this scenario, and any of these stars may have a mass at the limit of the capability for a C enrichment up to . A list of bright massive LPVs with peculiar envelope and luminosity properties is proposed as Hot Bottom Burning candidates. The He-shell flash star, R Cen, is found to be exceptionally bright and could become, before leaving the AGB, a C-rich LPV brighter than the usual luminosity limit of carbon stars.
Key words: stars: variables: general / stars: evolution / stars: AGB and post-AGB
© ESO, 2001