Volume 379, Number 1, November III 2001
|Page(s)||288 - 304|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||15 November 2001|
Envelope tomography of long-period variable stars*
Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium e-mail: ralvarez, ajorisse, firstname.lastname@example.org
2 GRAAL, Université Montpellier II, cc072, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France e-mail: email@example.com
3 Observatoire de Haute-Provence, 04870 Saint-Michel l'Observatoire, France e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 Institute for Astronomy of the Russia Academy of Sciences, 48 Pjatnitskaja, 109017 Moscow, Russia e-mail: email@example.com
Corresponding author: A. Jorissen, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 11 September 2001
A tomographic method is described that makes it possible to follow the propagation of shock waves across the photosphere of long-period variable stars. The method relies on the correlation of the observed spectrum with numerical masks probing layers of different atmospheric depths. The formation depth of spectral lines is derived from synthetic spectra of non-variable red giant stars. When applied to Mira stars around maximum light, the tomographic masks reveal that the deepest photospheric layers are generally characterized by blueshifted absorption lines (attesting to their upward motion), whereas the uppermost layers generally exhibit redshifted absorption lines (indicating their infalling motion). Double absorption lines are found in intermediate layers, where the shock front is located. At later phases, the shock front is seen moving towards upper layers, until it leaves the photosphere.
Key words: stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: atmospheres / stars: late-type / stars: oscillations / stars: variables: general / shock waves
© ESO, 2001
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