Volume 378, Number 2, November I 2001
|Page(s)||668 - 678|
|Published online||15 November 2001|
Shear rate dependence and the effect of resistivity in magneto-rotationally unstable, stratified disks
Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
Corresponding author: U. Ziegler, email@example.com
Accepted: 3 September 2001
We study the effect of resistivity and variation of shear rate, , on the magneto-rotational instability in stratified disks. Special attention is paid to dynamo α-action and transport properties of the flow. The 3D magnetohydrodynamical simulations are performed in the local shearing-box approximation employing the code NIRVANA. Due to the chosen type of vertical boundary condition a mean azimuthal magnetic field is generated which is related to dynamo α-action. The corresponding α-parameter is negative (positive) in the northern (southern) disk hemisphere. This result is independent of q ranging between 0.6 and 1.5 and independent of the amount of diffusivity. The magnitude of α typically declines with decreasing q. We suggest a natural limit in the vicinity of below which α-action may be suppressed completely. Resistivity has a significant influence on the magnetic energy level of the final state. It is reduced for decreasing magnetic Reynolds number, Rem, as one might expect. However, the magneto-rotational instability is able to sustain an angular momentum transport of sufficient amount against diffusion even for the most diffusive case we considered, with . The Shakura-Sunyaev parameter in this case is roughly of that of the non-resistive model with the dominant contribution provided by the Reynolds stress rather than Maxwell stress. The dynamo α-effect is found to vanish for strong dissipation.
Key words: magnetic fields / instabilities / MHD / turbulence
© ESO, 2001
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