Volume 374, Number 3, August II 2001
|Page(s)||784 - 799|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||15 August 2001|
On the origin of compact radio sources
The binary black hole model applied to the gamma-bright quasar PKS 0420-014
Netherlands Foundation for Research in Astronomy, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
2 Institut d'Astrophysique, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3 Bureau des Longitudes, 77 avenue Denfert Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France
4 Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54006, Greece
5 Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
6 MPIfR, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
Corresponding author: J. Roland, email@example.com
Accepted: 10 May 2001
VLBI monitoring of PKS 0420-014 at 3.6 cm performed during the period 1989.32-1992.48 reveals superluminal jet components in a strongly curved jet. We present a binary black hole model capable of simultaneously explaining the flux-density variations and the motions of jet components on helical trajectories in active galactic nuclei. From VLBI observations we derive the characteristics of the parsec-scale jet of PKS 0420-014. Moreover, we use the optical light curve of the quasar PKS 0420-014 over the time span 1989.67-1993.93 to determine the characteristics of the binary black hole system. We propose that galactic and extragalactic radio sources with jets are due to the existence of binary systems. Extragalactic binary systems are the results of mergers and provide a natural explanation why only a small fraction of quasars are radio sources and why extragalactic radio sources are associated with elliptical galaxies. These binary systems will be one of the primary targets for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA).
Key words: black holes physics / gravitational waves / quasars: individual: PKS 04020-014 / radio continuum: galaxies
© ESO, 2001
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