Volume 370, Number 1, April IV 2001
|Page(s)||65 - 69|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||15 April 2001|
Superluminal motion in a compact steep spectrum radio source 3C 138
Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Yoshinodai 3-1-1, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan
2 Shanghai Observatory, Shanghai 200030, PR China e-mail: djiang, firstname.lastname@example.org
3 National Astronomical Observatory, Osawa 2-21-1, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan e-mail: email@example.com
Corresponding author: Z.-Q. Shen, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 31 January 2001
We present the results of 5 GHz VLBI observations of a compact steep spectrum source 3C 138. The data are consistent with the western end being the location of the central activity. The observed offset between different frequencies in the central region of 3C 138 can be accounted for by a frequency dependent shift of the synchrotron self-absorbed core. Our new measurements confirm the existence of a superluminal motion, but its apparent velocity of 3.3c is three times slower than the reported one. This value is consistent with the absence of parsec-scale counter-jet emission in the inner region, but seems still too high to allow the overall counter-jet to be seen in terms of Doppler boosting of an intrinsically identical jet. Either an interaction of jet with central dense medium, or an intrinsically asymmetrical jet must be invoked to reconcile the detected superluminal speed with the observed large scale asymmetry in 3C 138.
Key words: radio continuum: galaxies / galaxies: active / galaxies: compact / galaxies: jets / galaxies: nuclei / quasars: individual: 3C 138
© ESO, 2001
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