HI 21 cm absorption in low damped Lyman-α systems
National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Post Bag 3, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007, India
Corresponding author: N. Kanekar, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 11 January 2001
We report Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) 21 cm observations of two confirmed and one candidate low redshift damped Lyman-α systems (DLAS). HI absorption was detected in the two confirmed systems, at and , with spin temperatures of K and K respectively. The non-detection of absorption in the third (candidate) system places an upper limit on its optical depth, which in turn implies a lower limit of 850 K on its spin temperature. Ground based K-band imaging observations ([CITE]) have identified the low Ts absorber with a spiral galaxy while the high Ts system appears to be an LSB galaxy. This continues the trend noted earlier by Chengalur & Kanekar (2000) of low spin temperatures for DLAS associated with spiral galaxies and high spin temperatures for those with no such association. Combining these new results with 21 cm observations from the published literature, we find that (1) The 21 cm equivalent width (EW21) of DLAS increases with increasing . Further, absorbers associated with spiral galaxies have systematically higher EW21 at the same NHI than DLAS with no such association, (2) DLAS at high redshift () have small velocity spreads , while, at low redshift (), both large and small are observed. These trends are in qualitative agreement with hierarchical models of galaxy formation.
Key words: galaxies: evolution / galaxies: formation / galaxies: ISM / cosmology: observations / radio lines: galaxies
© ESO, 2001