Volume 365, Number 3, January IV 2001
|Page(s)||465 - 475|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 January 2001|
HD 172481: A super lithium-rich metal-deficient post-AGB binary with a red AGB companion*
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, K.U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Corresponding author: M. Reyniers, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 16 October 2000
We present in this paper a study on the peculiar supergiant HD 172481. Its spectral type (F2Ia), high galactic latitude (b = -10 fraction of degree37), circumstellar dust, high radial velocity and moderate metal deficiency ([Fe/H] = -0.55) confirm the post-AGB character of this object. A detailed chemical analysis shows slight but real s-process overabundances, however no CNO-enhancement was detected. Furthermore, the spectral energy distribution and the TiO bands in the red part of the spectrum reveal a red luminous companion. The luminosity ratio of the hot F type component and this cool M type companion is derived for a reddening of () and indicates that the companion must also be strongly evolved and probably evolving along the AGB. Neither our photometric data-set, nor our radial velocity monitoring show evidence for orbital variability which may indicate that the period is too large for direct binary interaction. Most interestingly, a strong lithium resonance line is detected, which yields an abundance of = 3.6. Several explanations for this large lithium content are explored.
Key words: stars: abundances / binaries: spectroscopic / stars: chemically peculiar / stars: individual: HD 172481 / stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: evolution
© ESO, 2001
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