1 Instituto de Astrofísica, Facultad de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (IA-PUC), Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), Vía Láctea, s/n, 38205 La Laguna, S/C de Tenerife, Spain
3 Departamento de Astrofísica − Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), 38206 La Laguna, S/C de Tenerife, Spain
4 Millennium Institute of Astrophysics (MAS), Nuncio Monseñor Sótero Sanz 100, Providencia, Santiago Chile
5 Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, Colorado 80301, USA
6 New York University Abu Dhabi, PO Box 129188, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Received: 6 August 2015
Accepted: 24 October 2015
Aims. During the last ~50 years, the population of black hole candidates in X-ray binaries has increased considerably, with 59 Galactic objects being detected in transient low-mass X-ray binaries, as well as a few in persistent systems (including ~5 extragalactic binaries).
Methods. We collect near-infrared, optical, and X-ray information spread over hundreds of references to study the population of black holes in X-ray transients as a whole.
Results. We present the most updated catalogue of black hole transients. This contains X-ray, optical, and near-infrared observations, together with their astrometric and dynamical properties. The catalogue provides new and useful information in both statistical and observational parameters and provides a thorough and complete overview of the black hole population in the Milky Way. Analysing the distances and spatial distribution of the observed systems, we estimate a total population of ~1300 Galactic black hole transients. This means that we have only discovered less than ~5% of the total Galactic distribution.
Key words: X-rays: binaries / stars: black holes / catalogs
The complete version of this catalogue will be continuously updated at www.astro.puc.cl/BlackCAT and in the Virtual Observatory, including finding charts and data in other wavelengths.
Tables A.1 to A.4 are also available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/587/A61
© ESO, 2016